The Process of Weaving

Cynthia

Weaving can be like painting with yarn, working with color and fabric at once. As color takes over, the woven work comes to be. With fiber, texture, structure, and technique, the motion binds the process of weaving. Whether handspun, natural or synthetic, fibers are chosen and measured for the warp length and width.


Winding a Warp
Winding threads on the warping board

Removing the threads by chaining them for portability

Winding a Warp


The warp is spread and looped around the lease stick for “beaming on” to the loom. The lease stick is pulled around the beam by a hand crank. Warp threads are threaded through heddles and then through a reed used for beating.

Beaming
Beaming onto the back beam or wrapping onto the back beam

Threading through the heddles

Threading


Beaming
Threads inserted in the reed

The weft is the fiber which passes through an open shed and across the warp by shuttle. The shed is open and closed by the lifting of harnesses.

Shuttle with bobbin wrapped with weft threads

Weaving


Treadling
Foot treadles which operate the harnesses to go up or down

Harnesses are lifted by the treadles they are tied to and by how they are threaded to create patterns. Handlooms can have 4 to 24 harnesses. As the warp shed is closed, the beater pulls the weft thread into place.

Harnesses rise which lifts threads and gives a "shed" for the shuttle to pass through

Shed


beating
The beater places the weft in position

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